BUILDING PEACE WITH SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION
It is a well-known fact that Science is a body of knowledge. But this is not just any knowledge. It is knowledge obtained through study, practice or what is referred to as scientific method. This method depends on observations and experimentations to describe a natural phenomenon. Hence when we talk of science, we are referring to a system that comprises content and process.
Technology is the application of the scientific knowledge.
Therefore when one is examining the role of Science and Technology in peace building actions, one is looking at the content, the process and the applications of science. The concept of scientific knowledge and the admissibility of a body of knowledge as modern science has always been a monopoly of the entire world. There was no dialogue on the issue of what is scientific knowledge until recently when we realised that there is vast resource base of knowledge in other civilisations. A true dialogue is now emerging leading to the promotion of Indigenous knowledge. Thus, scientific knowledge that can be used in peace building should not be restricted to laboratory-based knowledge but should also include other knowledge which are also acquired through a process of experimentation and observation.
Science education is the field concerned with the sharing of science content and process within the community. It is an education discipline to promote the spread of scientific knowledge beyond the existing scientific community. Through Science education it is possible to popularise science. The field of science education therefore emphasises the science content and the teaching pedagogy. Furthermore, it can be said that Science education generates the human resource capacity for the application of scientific knowledge. Hence the application of science to the resolution of societal problems cannot take place without strong science education. In order to understand the role of science and technology education in peace building, we must therefore address the following question:
How does the sharing of scientific knowledge, method and application facilitate peace building?
The AUGP INDIA will try to work out the strategies to find out the answer to this question that comes from the recognition of the three major attributes of science (as knowledge, as a process, as a mindset) and the recognition of the role of technology in providing goods and services for society.
Science education populates society with scientists who can apply scientific knowledge to socio economic advancement. Since one of the requirements for peace is socio-economic advancement, Science education can facilitate the peace building process.
The study of science imbibes in the population scientific reasoning that is based on logic. The scientific method used in gathering knowledge is based on analytical process that relies on logical
arguments which will be a useful quality in dialogue among communities. The AUGP INDIA shall discuss science as a facilitator for inter-cultural dialogue. Science also provides an analytical system that can be used in problem solving. It transforms attitude and the mindset. Attributes of Science and technology that are important for Peace-building programs
After analyzing the strategy for peace-building and a closer examination of all the attributes of science and technology, the following aspects of science are considered useful in peace-building programs: ·
- Scientific process (experimentation and observation)
- Scientific mindset (logical and analytical arguments)
- Science in application, as tool for change and
These attributes of science will be deployed in three strategic actions for peace-building:
- Socioeconomic advancement
- Inter-cultural dialogue and peace education.
The American University of Global Peace – India chapter would like to build peace using Science and Technology Education methodology.
To begin with we initiate skill and innovation-based certificate and diploma courses online, offline and hybrid mode. The Certificates and Diplomas will be officially issued to the participants after their work is properly evaluated by the examining body comprising of experts from all over the world.